Федеральное агентство по образованию
Государственное образовательное учреждение
высшего профессионального образования
НИЖЕГОРОДСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ
ИМ. Н.А. ДОБРОЛЮБОВА
Английский язык как второй иностранный
Нижний Новгород 2006
Печатается по решению редакционно-издательского совета ГОУ НГЛУ им. Н.А.Добролюбова. Специальность: 022600 – Теория и методика преподавания иностранных языков и культур. Дисциплина: практический курс английского языка
ББК 81.432.1 – 93
Лексико-грамматические задания для студентов III курса факультетов немецкого и французского языков: Учебно-методические материалы. Английский язык как второй иностранный - Нижний Новгород: НГЛУ им. Н.А.Добролюбова, 2006. – 47 с.
Предлагаемые материалы предназначены для самостоятельной работы студентов 3-го курса факультетов немецкого и французского языков. Они включают в себя упражнения по основным грамматическим темам III курса: “Past Simple”, “Present Perfect”, Present Perfect Continuous”, “Past Continuous”, “Past Perfect”, “Future Simple”, “Subordinate Clauses of Time and Condition”.
Составитель С.Ю.Ильина, канд.филол.наук., доц.
И.М. Деева, ккнд.филол.наук., проф.
© Издательство ГОУ НГЛУ им. Н.А.Добролюбова, 2006
Предлагаемые учебно-методические материалы предназначены для внеаудиторной работы студентов III курса, изучающих английский язык как второй иностранный.
Пособие включает XII разделов, включающих различные лексико-грамматические задания, нацеленные на формирование грамматических навыков в соответствии с основными грамматическими темами III курса, а также на закрепление лексики, изучаемой в рамках данного курса.
Материалы рассчитаны на 80 ч. самостоятельной работы студентов при регулярном контроле со стороны преподавателя.
The Past Simple Tense of the Verb “To Be”
I. Use the Correct Form of the Verb
John … glad yesterday.
We … in Moscow last week.
You … sad two days ago.
Sheila … in Germany in 2004.
You … pale yesterday.
Tim and Bob … tired last week.
You … hungry yesterday evening.
I … absent from the lesson the day before yesterday.
You … late last Monday.
Jack and I … busy last month.
II. Transform the Sentences from Exercise into Negative
III. Make up all Types of Questions
Hugh was fond of pop-music last year.
You were in Berlin in 2000.
Della and James were in Moscow last week.
Julia was keen on acting in childhood.
You were a merry boy earlier.
IV. Change the Sentences into the Past Simple Tense
Stella is pretty.
My mother-in-low is not a strict woman.
You are interested in art.
Are they really funny?
You are in your early twenties, aren’t you?
Her niece is not shy, is she?
Are you diligent or lazy?
Who is very clever in your class?
There is a desk in front of the window.
There are many good-looking girls in the group.
V. Make up All Types of Questions
There was a very idle boy in our group.
There were a lot of textbooks on the desk.
There was a round table in the middle of the room.
There were some intelligent students in the group.
VI. Answer the Questions
When were you born?
Where were you born?
Was your childhood happy?
You were a good pupil at school, weren’t you?
What were your favourite subjects?
What subjects were you not find of?
Were there many clever girls and boys in your class?
You were a second-year student last year, weren’t you?
How old were you last year?
Were there many intelligent students in your group last year?
VII. Say if the Following Statements are True or False
You were born in Chicago.
You were born in 1985.
You were a bright pupil at school.
You were fond of physics and chemistry at school.
You were in Germany last year.
You were busy last week.
You were ill last month.
You were tired last December.
There were many mistakes in your last grammar test.
There were many stupid girls in your group two years ago.
VIII. Translate into English
Вчера я был очень занят.
Вы не были таким строгим преподавателем раньше.
Почему он вчера отсутствовал?
Где вы были в прошлый вторник?
Два года назад я была в Германии. Я была тогда очень счастлива.
В детстве вы были симпатичным ребенком, не так ли?
Ваша тёща добрая женщина?
Моя племянница была очень печальной вчера. Она болела.
Мой бывший муж был слабым, глупым, жадным и эгоистичным, а я была прекрасной женой.
–Кто был в институте вчера? -Никто. Все отсутствовали. Преподаватель был очень сердит.
–Когда и где вы родились? –Я родилась в 1981 году в Ливерпуле.
Почему она была такая добрая и вежливая вчера?
Почему вы были таким уставшим вчера?
Чем вы интересовались, когда были ребенком?
Ей было тридцать с небольшим.
Её свекрови было около пятидесяти.
Это была стройная девушка с большими карими глазами.
Вчера вечером мы были очень уставшими. Мы были голодны и хотели пить.
Почему вы были таким ленивым в прошлом году?
Её племянник был очень застенчивым.
IX. Translate into English
На столе были учебники и словари.
В центре города был красивый парк. Каждый вечер там было много людей.
На окраине города стоял многоэтажный дом.
В городе было много небоскрёбов.
На этой улице не было коттеджей.
В двадцатиэтажном доме не было лифта.
В доме не было обеденной комнаты, но было две уютных гостиных.
В доме не было газа, электричества, центрального отопления, не так ли?
В квартире были домашние растения?
Сколько комнат было в квартире?
Кто был вчера в этой комнате?
В пригороде не было домов с удобствами.
Сколько человек было на новоселье?
Сколько этажей было в этом доме?
В доме было две или три спальных комнаты?
The Past Simple Tense of the Regular Verbs
I. Write the Second Form of the Following Verbs. Transcribe the Endings. Pay attention to spelling.
to like, to clean, to travel, to stop, to learn, to study, to watch, to try, to want, to stay, to look, to beg, to close, to wash, to repeat, to rain, to help, to live, to end, to work, to call, to dance, to listen, to greet, to pass, to answer, to decide, to skate, to ask, to furnish, to jump, to place, to walk, to talk, to open, to ski, to snow, to cry, to answer, to prefer.
II. Make the Sentences Negative
Her grandchildren played at home yesterday.
His fiancée wanted to speak with him last Saturday.
The bright pupil answered well last week.
My daughter walked in the garden yesterday.
The bride and her bridegroom kissed at the wedding party.
The girl helped her great-grandmother about the house.
It rained much in June.
Steve closed the door quietly.
Her cousin listened to me carefully.
The teacher repeated the question three times.
III. Make the Sentences Negative
It snowed a little last December.
Jane and Paul were engaged last month.
The story ended happily.
Joyce was married.
The widow cried bitterly in her room.
The couple was divorced.
The bachelor wanted to marry.
The housewarming party was great.
There were many green trees in the street.
They moved to a new flat last year.
IV. Make up General and Alternative Questions
The flat consisted of 5 rooms.
They divorced 5 years ago.
We furnished the dining-room last month.
They decided to move into a new hostel last week.
He liked the girl’s almond-shaped eyes.
He closed the door of the living-room.
She looked out of the kitchen window.
She danced with a tall blue-eyed man at the last disco.
She cried bitterly after their last meeting.
They kissed during the last break.
V. Make up General and Alternative Questions
The girl was tall and slender.
After the exam he jumped with joy.
They were very diligent pupils last year.
It rained yesterday.
The fiancée was angry.
They placed the coffee-table in front of the sofa.
They lived on the outskirts last winter.
The mother-in-law was a good-looking woman.
The Browns furnished the flat in the Japanese style.
You were clever many years ago.
VI. Make up Disjunctive Questions
They placed the TV-set opposite the sofa.
We skied in the forest last winter.
The student didn’t dance yesterday.
She passed all the exams well last year.
Nick didn’t listen to his stepmother.
She did not put documents into the chest of drawers.
The husband didn’t tell the truth to his wife yesterday.
Jane walked in the park last Sunday.
The young wife didn’t like the curtains in the kitchen.
She stayed with her relatives in Moscow in 1985.
VII. Make up Disjunctive Questions
The bride was ugly.
The Johnsons traveled much last year.
Mark was not pleased the day before yesterday.
Nora did not clean the flat last Saturday.
We talked much about our teachers yesterday.
The flat was furnished badly.
The film ended stupidly.
My grandparents were glad to see me yesterday.
We didn’t talk with her last month.
The sky-scrapers were impressive.
VIII. Make up Special Questions to the Underlined Words
It snowed little last winter.
We watched a very exiting film on TV the other day.
We talked in the kitchen yesterday.
She answered well yesterday.
He presented her with fifty roses.
He liked to put much sugar into his tea.
She did not help me because she was ill.
Mary cleaned the living-room last Thursday.
I watched the film two years ago.
We traveled abroad last summer.
IX. Make up Special Questions to the Underlined Words
They furnished the bedroom two days ago.
They skated much last January.
Jane and Chris were married in 2000.
Julia was upset because Michael did not ring her up.
Nora washed the floor badly yesterday.
They were married in Geneva.
Jennifer asked me many questions.
Michael waited for me last Sunday.
John was engaged in 1999.
Richard travelled much because he was fond of it.
X. Make up Special Questions to the Underlined Words
Vera kissed me yesterday.
Jim’s parents asked their daughter-in-law many questions.
My dear parents-in-law stayed with us last autumn.
The hurricane destroyed many houses.
His niece talked very much yesterday.
Bob answered all the teacher’s questions.
Mary’s parents didn’t help her last week.
She listened to her daughter’s singing yesterday.
Dorothy furnished her kitchen 3 days ago.
Barbara cleaned John’s flat the day before yesterday.
XI. Make All Types of Questions
She placed a nice Turkish carpet in the middle of the room.
Vivien’s mother washed all the dishes yesterday.
John’s cousin was in Liverpool last week.
Samantha’s niece danced perfectly at the disco last Saturday.
XII. Translate into English
Джейн была хорошей студенткой. Она любила учиться и помогала тем, у кого были проблемы с учебой.
Вчера была ужасная погода. Временами шёл снег, а временами дождь.
В прошлое воскресенье мы катались на лыжах. Зимний лес был прекрасен.
Где вы были на прошлой неделе? Вы путешествовали?
На днях я задал ей этот вопрос, но она не ответила.
– Почему ты не танцевала вчера на дискотеке?
– Я была уставшей.
Мы были вчера в плохом настроении и не смотрели телевизор.
Война закончилась в 1945 году.
Где вы жили два года назад?
Кто помог тебе на последней контрольной?
XIII. Open the Brackets using the Correct Tense-Form
– Where (to be) Mary?
– She (to finish) her new flat.
I (to talk) with Tom yesterday. He (to be) angry.
– Why you (to be) tired yesterday?
– I (to learn) much for the exam.
I usually (to wash) with warm water but we (not to have) hot water last week.
Five days ago she (to pass) her final exam. Now she (to be) happy. She (to sleep) till 11 o’clock every day.
Look! She (to talk) with your boy-friend. She (to know) him?
– Where you (to be) in 1987?
– I (to study) in Drezden.
–Why she (to cry) yesterday?
– I (not to know).
– Your wife always (to help) you.
– When we (to be) young she (to do) it very often but now she (not to love) me, I (to be afraid).
– Whom you (to call) yesterday.
– It (to be) a secret.
The past Simple Tense of Irregular Verbs
I. Give Three Forms of the Following Verbs
Send, spend, build, lend, bend, feel, read, meet, weep, mean, deal, lead, sweep, leave, sleep, keep, feel.
II. Transform the Sentences into the Past
She feeds her cat with the best meat.
I meet her very often.
She leads a lonely life.
Arthur reads much.
She sends him letters every day.
Joyce sleeps 12 hours a day.
James feels tired.
Sarah always lends me money.
I always leave home at 10 o’clock.
Jean sweeps the floor regularly.
III. Give Three Forms of the Following Verbs
Begin, swim, drink, sink, ring, sing, run, do, win, hang, come, become.
IV. Give Full Affirmative Answers to the Following Questions
Did she swim well last summer?
Did David become a champion?
Did Alice win the competitions?
Did Roger come on time last Thursday?
Did Jeremy sing perfectly yesterday?
Did she hang a Rubens on the wall?
Did Alice begin to study English two years ago?
Did he drink Pepsi yesterday?
Did Michael run along the coast last summer?
Did Nora do morning exercises last week?
V. Give Three Forms of the Following Verbs
Think, fight, seek, buy, bring, catch, teach, hear, get, forget, lose, tear, wear, bear.
VI. Give Answers to the Following Alternative Questions
Did he buy a new piano or a chest of drawers?
Did Lanny bring a stray cat or a dog home?
Did Miss Brown teach French or Spanish?
Did her cat Thomas catch a mouse or a rat?
Did he fight for Germans or for Englishmen?
Did he hear good or bad news?
Did Katherine wear a silk or a cotton dress?
Did she tear Jack’s or Bill’s letter?
Did Frank get 100$ or 100&?
Did Cliff forget Mary or Deborah?
VII. Give Three Forms of the Following Verbs
Drive, rise, ride, write, hide, give, forgive, forbid, break, choose, speak, wake, freeze, steal, show.
VIII. Make up Disjunctive Questions
The sun rose early yesterday morning.
Jackson broke his pen.
Rudi drove his car fast.
Pauline wrote a letter to Derek five days ago.
She gave me a good chance.
Little Ann rode a pony last Sunday.
Helen chose address for the party.
The Whites got many presents at their house-warming party.
Steve forgot about his promise.
Barbara lost her love last summer.
IX. Give Three Forms of the Following Verbs
Let, cost, put, set, spread, hit, hurt, shut, burst, blow, fly, grow, know, throw, draw, sew.
X. Translate the Following Sentences into English
Книга стоила 900$.
Новости распространились очень быстро.
Его слова причинили ей боль.
Она разрешила детям гулять до одиннадцати часов.
Боб положил письма на стол.
Холодный ветер дул с моря.
Дженни быстро закрыла дверь.
Самолет летел над океаном.
Марта узнала о нём всю правду.
Елена выращивала в своём саду молодые яблони.
Дэйвид бросил мяч Майклу.
Сальвадор нарисовал абстрактную картину.
XI. Give Three Forms of the Following Verbs
Make, pay, lay, say, sell, tell, shine, shoot, stand, understand, bite, beat, take, shake.
XII. Give Full Affirmative Answers to the Following Questions
Did the sun shine brightly yesterday?
Did George pay much money for his new car?
Did Mary lay the table for dinner yesterday evening?
Did Julia make many mistakes in the dictation?
Did Robert say much about his new girl-friend?
Did Brenda take a lot of books from the library?
Did Michael sell his car last autumn?
Did Grandmother tell Nelly and Bob an interesting fairy-tale yesterday?
Did she understand the problem?
Did she stand up very quickly?
XIII. Give Three Forms of the Following Verbs
Be, eat, fall, find, go, have, hold, lie, sit, see, dig, stick, strike.
XIV. Give Answers to the Alternative Questions
Did Caroline eat a big cake or fruit yesterday?
Did Rudolf go to Italy or Spain last summer?
Did Bernard lie on the sofa or on the floor yesterday?
Did Peter see a comedy or a serious film on Wednesday?
Did Nick find a good job or a good wife?
Did she fall in love or fall ill last week?
Did she sit near the window or near the table?
Did Vanessa have lunch or dinner with Stuart Yesterday?
Did Fiona Strike Fred or George?
Did they hold a meeting or a conference?
XV. Answer the Following Special Questions
Where did you spend last summer?
Whom did you send a SMS last week?
When did you leave for the University yesterday?
Whom did you meet on the way to the University?
What book did you read last month?
How did you sleep yesterday night?
When did the lesson begin yesterday?
Who rang you up the other day?
How did you swim when you were a child?
When did you come to the University yesterday?
When did you become a student?
What did you buy last month?
Who taught you German last year?
When did you get a stipend?
What did you wear yesterday?
Why did you wear yesterday?
Whom did you speak with an hour ago?
When did you wake up yesterday?
How did you write your last dictation?
What did your parents forbid you in childhood?
XVI. Translate into English
Когда он был маленьким, он часто дрался со своими сверстниками.
Она услышала новости, когда пришла в университет.
Она забыла обо всём, когда увидела его.
Когда он стал бедным, она потеряла интерес к нему.
Вчера они катались верхом.
Солнце взошло в 6 часов.
Она спрятала документы своего мужа.
Она простила Джону его слова.
Мелани дала несчастной старухе немного денег.
Он вёл машину осторожно.
Она украла его документы.
Вчера Мери рассказала мне странную историю.
Он заплатил сто десять тысяч долларов за “Феррари”.
Она поняла, что её муж обманщик.
Солнце светило ярко.
Вильям и его друг предали близнецов.
Я нашел вчера интересную статью.
Дэйвид увидел Викторию в кафе с Майклом.
Линда ездила в Майами прошлым летом.
Вчера газета лежала на столе.
XVII. Open the Brackets using the Correct Tense-Form
The child (to fall) from the bench yesterday. His mother (to be) at a loss and her mother-in-law (to be) angry with her.
– Vera (not to eat) anything last week. She (to be) ill?
– No, she (to be) on slimming diet.
– Listen! What a stupid song Madonna (to sing)! You (to like) pop-music?
– No, I (to find) it primitive. I (to prefer) rock-music.
When her children (to be) little she (not to spend) much time with them.
– Why you (not to call) me yesterday? You (to be) busy?
– May years ago our national team (to win) the European football championship.
– When it (to be)?
– It (to be) in 1960.
Every morning Beatrice (to run) in the park but today she (to stay) in bed. She (to be) depressed. She (to quarrel) with her best friend two days ago.
– How Tom (to drive) yesterday?
– Brilliantly. He (to like) to drive a car and always (to do) it well.
She (to rise) from the chair, (to come up) to him and (to hit) him.
– Where you (to meet) Paul?
– We (to see) each other for the first time in Liverpool.
They always (to feed) their cat with black caviare. But yesterday they (to give) it sprats and he (to be) disappointed.
The Present Perfect Tense
I. Give Three Forms of the Flowing Verbs
Read, dream, sleep, feel, keep, sweep, leave, feed, lead, deal, weep, mean, meet, bring, seek, think, fight, buy, catch, teach, hear, get, forget, lose, tear, bear, wear.
II. Translate into Russian. Explain the Usage of Present Perfect
She has just read this book.
I have already heard this news.
We have got a letter from our friends.
I have not met the man of my dream yet.
Have you ever thought of becoming an actress?
We have never dealt with oil.
She has not taught English before.
Muriel has lost her ear-ring. She is very upset.
I have always fought with this man.
She has forgotten about her appointment.
III. Give Three Forms of the Flowing Verbs
Do, win, hang, begin, ring, drink, swim, sing, sink, run, come, become, stand, understand, bite, beat, send, spend, lend, learn, build, take, shake.
IV. Translate into Russian. Explain the Usage of Present Perfect
I have won a scholarship.
She has sent me a fax lately.
I have known her for five years.
My angry cat has bitten me.
We have been friends since 1999.
John has begun to read this book of late.
Bob has drunk four bottles of beer. He is not very well now.
They have built a semi-detached house recently.
The boat has not sunk so far.
have learnt twenty pages up to now.
V. Give Three Forms of the Flowing Verbs
Blow, grow, know, fly, throw, draw, be, eat, fall, find, go, have, make, pay, lay, say, sell, tell.
VI. Make the General and Alternative Questions. Explain the Usage of Present Perfect
She has just told me shocking news.
Rose has already laid the table for dinner.
We have eaten nothing today.
Pablo has drawn several nice pictures this year.
Ben has found his socks.
Cora has sold her house lately.
Emma has known me for a long time.
Sandra has always been a lovely girl.
Clare has paid all the taxes recently.
I have grown many vegetables in my house. I am so proud of my harvest now.
VII. Give Three Forms of the Flowing Verbs
Shine, shoot, let, burst, cost, shut, cut, hurt, put, hit, set, spread, give, forgive, forbid, hide, write, ride, rise, drive.
VIII. Make up Disjunctive Questions. Explain the Usage of Present Perfect
She has never ridden a horse.
She has just written her composition.
They have already forgiven their daughter.
Ben has cut his finger.
He has ridden a bicycle much lately.
The sun has shone brightly recently.
The news has spread quickly.
We have driven much of late.
Jane has shut the door.
IX. Give Three Forms of the Flowing Verbs
Hold, lie, sit, see, dig, stick, strike, break, choose, speak, wake, freeze, steal, show.
X. Make up Special Questions to the Underlined Words
Clotilda has broken her shoe.
Barbara has chosen a nice dress.
They have spoken much already.
Theo has seen an attractive girl lately.
Tim has woken up his sister.
XI. Translate into English
Она только что проснулась. Иди и поговори с ней.
Я уже приняла душ.
Я не дам тебе завтрак. Ты еще не почистил зубы.
Ты когда-нибудь был в Калифорнии?
Я никогда прежде не видела его в таком жизнерадостном настроении. Что с ним случилось?
– Ты уже убрал квартиру?
- Я подмел пол, но еще не протер мебель.
Я пока что не приняла ванну.
Я чувствую себя прекрасно в последнее время.
Джил не включала сегодня радио и не слышала новостей.
На этой неделе у меня не было ни единой свободной минуты.
Я сделала всю домашнюю работу и чувствую глубокое удовлетворение.
Вера знает этого человека в течение многих лет. Они знакомы с 1989 года.
Пол всегда был хорошим другом.
– Почему ты такой печальный в последнее время?
- В этом месяце преподаватели задают нам много домашних заданий.
XII. Use Present Perfect or Past Simple. Explain Your Choice
– You ever (to be) in Geneva?
- Yes, I … I (to be) there n 1989.
I (to be) very busy this week. Last week I (to work) a little.
– You (to finish) ironing yet.
- Yes, I …
- When you (to finish)?
- Five minutes ago I (to be) through with this work.
Harris (not to prepare) his homework up to now.
– You (to hear) wonderful news? Our teacher (to fall) ill.
– You (to watch) the new film?
- Yes, I …
- You (to enjoy) it?
- Oh, no! I never (to watch) anything so stupid.
You ever (to speak) with the President? When it (to be)?
When I (to be) a school-girl the alarm-clock (to wake up) me at 7 a.m.
Jeremy (not to eat) a substantial breakfast so far.
– The train (to leave) already.
- When it (to leave)?
- It (to be) at a quarter past seven.
XIII. Use Present Perfect or Past Simpe. Explain Your Choice
James (not to tidy up) his flat lately.
– You (to air) the room?
- Yes, I (to do) it twenty minutes ago.
Barbara (to water) the flowers, (to dust) the books, (to sweep) the floor and (to put) everything in its place.
Why you (not to wash up)? Why you (not to do) anything?
I (to do) the shopping the day before yesterday.
When I (to be) a child I (to go) to bed at 10 p.m.
The young stupid mother (not to feed) her child yet.
– I (to see) a horror film recently.
- When you (to see) it?
- It (to be) five days ago.
I (to know) Ann for seven years. We (to be) pals since my entrance to the University.
We just (to have) a nap.
XIV. Use Present Perfect or Past Simple. Explain Your Choice
I never (to oversleep) before.
Jane always (to be) diligent.
Peter (to be born) in 1985. I (to know) hi since that time.
Diana (to kiss) with Jimmy the other day.
She (to iron) her things yet? When it (to be)?
Elsie (to get up) just. Last week she (to have) her holidays. She (not to get up) early. She (to be) happy.
– You (ever) to be in Bristol?
- Yes, I …
- When you (to be) there?
- I (to visit) Bristol two years ago.
– John (to resume) his studies lately?
- Yes, he (to do) it in September.
– How long you (to know) Leo?
- I (to meet) him on the 5th of February. So I (to know) him for seven months.
I (not to see) Bill today. Last time I (to see) him at a new discotheque in July.
XV. Translate into English
– Когда ты встал?
– В восемь часов, но я уже убрал квартиру.
Я не встречала таких интересных людей прежде. Я очень взволнованна.
Даниэль посетил много интересных мест в Великобритании, но он никогда не был в Эдинбурге.
– Вы когда-нибудь проводили каникулы в горах? Когда это было?
– Мы ездили на Кавказ в 1987 году.
– Ты уже перегладила все белье.
– Я закончила работу час назад.
Когда я училась в школе, я старалась ложиться спать и вставать рано.
На прошлой неделе я обедала со своим продюсером. А на этой неделе я получила новую большую роль.
Жена пропылесосила ковры, вымыла пол, постирала белье, протерла мебель, вымыла посуду. Муж посмотрел интересный матч, новый фильм и новости по телевизору.
– Ты не проветривал комнату в последнее время. У тебя очень душно.
– Когда я проветривал ее последний раз, я простудился. С тех пор я этого не делаю.
– Ты был вчера в пабе?
– Нет, но я был там сегодня.
XVI. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense-Form
James (to fly) to London tomorrow. He (to pack) his luggage already.
– When you (to meet) Jessica last time?
– I (not to remember). I (not to see) her lately.
The film (to start) at 20 p.m. tomorrow.
Nelly (to return) just from school. Now she (to have) lunch. Tonight she (to go) to the Stadium. The football match (to begin) at 7 o’clock
Olga (to be) ill for five days. She (to stay) in bed. She (not to see) her friends since Monday.
– Tess (to study) well?
– Yes, she always (to be) a nice student.
Pauline (to visit) France in 1998?
– They ever (to be) in Berlin?
– Yes, they (to be) there last month.
The Dneper (to flow) into the Black Sea.
Miriam (to cook) supper already. She (to finish) it at 7 o’clock.
The Present Perfect Continuous
I. Translate the Sentences into Russian. Explain the Usage of Present Perfect Continuous
The students have been discussing the problem for half an hour.
How long have they been having a nap?
Nelson has been waiting outside for two hours already.
Sue has been doing the washing since morning.
David has been interviewing Miss World for three hours.
Since what time have you been tidying up the flat?
Alan has been working as a lorry driver for five years.
How long has Peter been shaving?
Brittney has been combing and brushing her hair al the morning.
Since what time has Ann been living in Nizhny?
II. Make up All Types of Questions
Rubi has been studying in Nizhny for one year.
The students have been taking exams for two weeks.
The monitors have been standing near the time-table since 2 o’clock.
The teacher has been explaining the new material all the lesson.
III. Translate into English
Лена слушает тексты и диалоги в лаборатории в течение часа.
Таня учится в лингвистическом университете два года.
Старосты беседуют с деканом с 3-х часов.
– Сколько времени ты читаешь эту книгу?
– Я читаю ее с сентября.
Дженнифер ссорится со своим мужем все утро.
С какого времени ты читаешь книги в оригинале?
Моя лучшая подруга болтает с моим женихом весь вечер.
Вера учится на немецком факультете два месяца.
Как долго ты живешь в этом общежитии?
Я готовлюсь к экзамену по языкознанию два дня.
IV. Open the Brackets Using Present Perfect Continuous or Present Perfect
I (to study) psychology for three months.
How long you (to take) an active part in social life of your University?
I never (to understand) you.
How long you (to know) Rebecca?
Bertha (to ask) questions since the lesson began.
I just (to finish) my work.
Terry (to graduate) from University already.
Brian (to grumble) all day long.
Daniel (to speak) with the dean yet?
Tony (to whisper) with Miriam since morning.
V. Translate into English
Я пока что не решил, жениться или нет.
Мы изучаем экономику уже два месяца.
Я ничего не делаю с утра.
Учебный год только начался.
В последнее время он был очень груб с Лорой.
Как давно этот преподаватель методики работает в вашей группе.
Я никогда не встречала такого обаятельного мужчину.
Мой кот умывается уже полчаса. Он очень любит чистоту.
Он еще ни разу не посетил семинар по лексикологии.
Они обсуждают эту глупую проблему уже два часа.
VI. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense- Form
Who (to talk) over there with your group-mate?
You ever (to see) Brad Pitt? When it (to be)?
– How long you (to train) the new grammar material?
– For two hours. Our teacher (to be) a monster.
She regularly (to watch) her favourite TV programme.
Last week this hard-working student (to do) fifty exercises in writing.
Since when you (to mix) with this company of young people.
– What you (to think) at the plot of the book?
– I never (to read) anything so exciting.
Bob (to dream) all his life.
She (to fall) behind the group recently.
I (to finish) housecleaning already and James (to do) it since morning.
The Future Simple Tense
I. Make up General and Alternative Questions
You will learn the poem by heart.
The pupils will practice the sentences in chorus.
Next year you will be a third-year student.
In two years Alice will graduate from the University.
Jeremy will join the library tomorrow.
Soon I shall find a suitable husband.
We shall do our best in the exam.
I shall improve my pronunciation soon.
I shall turn over a new leaf.
Ted will explain the situation to the teacher.
II. Make up Disjunctive Questions
I think, Sharon will fail the exam.
I am afraid, my parents will worry.
Catherine will be depressed.
I shall go to Germany some day.
Soon I shall be good at knitting.
Mrs. Beckham will be terribly disappointed.
Nora will keep her parents in the dark.
Barbara will keep an eye on me.
Mr. Rooney will become very popular.
I shall win in the lottery.
III. Make up Special Questions to the Underlined Words
Ann will go to Turkey soon.
Bess will have a rest at the sea-side.
Doris will cook a nice supper.
Ben will solve the problem.
I shall relax tomorrow.
We shall help you with heart or hand.
Ben’s parents will be eager to help.
Mr. Dirk will pay 350$.
Andrew will not come, because he is ill.
Diana will give mw two books.
IV. Translate into English
Может быть, ты скоро улучшишь свои результаты.
Я думаю, она будет в растерянности.
Кристина, мне кажется, никогда не выйдет замуж.
Я думаю, наш декан не пойдет домой сегодня. Он будет работать всю ночь.
Том получит отличную оценку на экзамене.
Погода, наверное, завтра улучшится.
В 2009 году я, надеюсь, закончу институт.
В следующем оду мне будет двадцать два года.
Она расплачется на экзамене. Преподаватель ей поможет и не поставит плохую оценку.
Боюсь, что Рой на ней никогда не женится.
V. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Form
I think I (to be) happy some day.
The weather (to change) for the better tomorrow.
Clovis (to leave) England next week.
Mr. Clerk (to leave) next month, I suppose.
It’s cold. I (to put on) my sweater.
The train (to leave) at 7.35 tomorrow.
Roberta never (to forgive) him, to my mind.
The day after tomorrow I (to fly) to Paris.
The concert (to start) at 8 p.m. next Saturday.
Stella (to become) a millionaire.
VI. Correct the Mistakes
David shall learn properly next year.
Miss Broodey will fly to Moscow tonight.
The match will start at 7 p.m. on Friday.
Alla will not never work by fits and starts.
Ronald will stay away from classes yesterday.
The students are missing all their classes tomorrow, I think.
Ron is very tired, I’m afraid. I help him with the language.
Tomorrow she went to speak with the Dean.
Tomorrow I will have a meeting at 12 o’clock. It has been arranged.
I do not know exactly but I think Tony and Miriam are getting arrived some day.
VII. Translate into English
Боюсь, это будет тяжелым ударом для него.
Сегодня вечером мы уезжаем в Москву.
Она, наверное, примирится с этим.
Завтра я планирую повторить весь материал к экзамену.
Спектакль начнется завтра в восемь.
Очень жарко. Я открою окно.
Макс никогда не поймет меня.
Поезд прибудет в девять часов послезавтра.
Я думаю, завтра пойдет дождь.
Считаю, что ты мне поможешь.
VIII. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense Form
Sheila is thirty minutes late. I think I (to give) her a call.
– Why you (to be) out of spirits yesterday?
– The teacher (to report) me to the Dean.
– Would you like tea or coffee?
– Oh, I (to have) a cup of tea please.
She (to work) tooth and nail since she (to enter) the University.
– You ever (to miss) classes?
– I never (to cut) a single class.
James (to prepare) for the exam tonight.
There (to be) dark clouds in the sky. It (to rain).
You (to idle) away your time sometimes? When it (to be) last time?
I’m very tired. I think, I (to go) to bed.
Why she (to stay) away from classes so often?
The Subordinate Clauses of Time and Condition.
I. Analyze the Following Sentences.
She will fall behind the group if she works by fits and starts.
You will be a failure when you put off everything till tomorrow.
They will marry after their parents return from their journey round the world.
Caroline will spend a sleepless night before she passes her exam.
I will not help you until you tell me everything.
Richard will begin to attend lessons as soon as he falls in love with the teacher.
He will fail miserably unless he turns over a new leaf.
Henry will die if I don’t come.
She will have many problems if she does not study hard.
Ring me up when you are in Moscow.
II. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
Cleo (to be happy) if she (to get rid) of her husband.
I (not to be) out of spirits unless you (to help) me.
Bruce (to go) to Germany when he (to pass) his exams.
Stella (to be) especially happy after she (to marry) the man.
Nick (to send) a telegramme as soon as he (to arrive) in Moscow.
Dorothy (to learn) a lot of material before she (to pass) the exam.
The teacher (to report) Agnes to the dean if she (not to improve).
They (to wait) until the doctor (to come).
We (to communicate) with them through Internet when they (to be) in the USA.
I (to phone) Doris when she (to be) in Paris.
III. Complete the Sentences Using the Subordinate Clause of Time or Condition.
We shall have a meeting after…
Miriam will do well in the exam if…
Call me when you…
She will do many exercises orally before…
I will not speak with you unless you…
Michael will not go until…
Vivien will explain everything as soon as…
We shall not be happy until
Tell me quickly if…
She will have many sleepless nights as soon as…
IV. Complete the Sentences Using the Subordinate Clauses of Time and Condition
Bess will learn easily if her parents…
George will go to Australia after he…
I will put up with this situation if you…
She will feed her cat before she…
Tony will phone as soon as he…
I will not speak with you until…
Mary will not drink coffee unless her doctor…
We shall discuss the question when Mr. Taylor…
They will get married if their parents…
Harry will turn over a new leaf as soon as his teacher…
V. Translate into English
Если вы захотите изучать иностранные языки, поступайте в Нижегородский лингвистический университет.
До тех пор пока ты не скажешь правду, я не буду обсуждать этот вопрос с тобой.
Ты улучшишь произношение, когда каждый день будешь работать в лаборатории.
Как только ты увидишь ее, беги от нее подальше.
Если он не будет поощрять воображение своих учеников, их результаты не будут блестящими.
После того, как ты узнаешь о ней всю правду, ты не захочешь на ней жениться.
Прежде чем она отправится в Испанию, она прочитает многое об этой стране.
Когда ты станешь студентом дневного отделения, у тебя будет совсем другая жизнь.
Когда Мартин будет в Праге, он позвонит нам.
VI. Translate into English
Когда ты ее увидишь, не пугайся!
Если ты поступишь в лингвистический университет, ты не будешь разочарован.
Когда он будет здесь, мы поговорим.
После того как она провалит все экзамены, родители перестанут давать ей карманные деньги.
Прежде чем она напишет ему письмо, она будет весь вечер сидеть у окна и думать.
До тех пор пока она будет учиться на заочном отделении, она не получит хороших знаний.
Как только Люси уедет за границу, у нее начнется новая жизнь.
Если ты не придешь на мой день рождения, ты мне больше не подруга.
Когда я буду в Париже, я вспомню о тебе.
Как только он найдет хорошую работу, он будет жить независимо от родителей.
VII. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
If you (to do) well in the exam we (to buy) you a car.
Her things (to go) from bad to worse last year.
After she (to turn) over a new leaf everything (to be) all right.
– Why you (to be) so depressed?
– I (to cut) many classes and the teacher (to report) me to the Dean.
As soon as John (to begin) to study his brother (to keep) an eye on him.
She (to change) much since she (to meet) George.
Before Stacey (to go) for a walk she (to do) a lot of work about the house.
She (to work) by fits and starts sometimes?
We (to leave) for Madrid early in the morning tomorrow/
Don’t buy tickets until you (to pass) all the exams.
VIII. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
Barbara (to wait) for John the whole day. She is very tired.
She just (to pass) a very difficult exam.
When you (to join) the library?
She (not to catch up) with the group unless you (to help) her.
Tony always (to complain).
– You ever (to be) to Greece? Yes, I (to visit) this beautiful country last summer.
The Nile (to flow) into the Mediterranean Sea.
As soon as Michael (to give up) smoking he (to feel) better.
We (to go) out-of-town in two days if the weather (to be) fine.
– Jenny (to stay) away from many classes? - No, she seldom (to miss) lessons.
The Past Continuous Tense
I. Explain the Usage of Past Continuous
Tom was revising for the exam at 7 p.m. yesterday.
They were tidying up the flat the whole Sunday.
I was quarrelling with my younger brother from five till seven yesterday.
We were flying over the Atlantic Ocean at this time yesterday.
When the teacher entered the classroom the students were shouting.
When I was going to the club I met Henry.
While Jim was taking his exam Della was waiting for him in the corridor.
II. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense
Hector (to fight) with Brad at this time yesterday.
Harry (to argue) with Ronald the whole day yesterday.
Janet (to spend) a sleepless night two days ago.
When I (to enter) the house my dog (to sleep) on my bed.
Richard (to enter) the Linguistic University last year.
When she (to become) a full – time student?
While the husband (to lie) on the sofa his wife (to wash) the floor.
At 10 a.m. yesterday I (to take) my exam.
They (to offer) me a postgraduate training in philology the other day.
We (to watch) a new thriller – film from 9 till 11 p.m. yesterday.
III. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
When Stacey (to go) along the street she (to slip) and (to fall).
Andrew (to stand up), (to come up) to the window and (to look) through it.
When Christine (to open) the door her husband (to kiss) with Alice.
In 1997 he (to study) at the German Department.
Last year Victor (to graduate) from the University.
I (to read) an exciting book when the telephone (to ring).
While Alex (to play) a computer game his mother (to write) a composition for him.
I (not to see) Derek the day before yesterday.
IV. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
Lena (to read) at 7 p.m. yesterday.
John (to get up) at seven a.m. last Monday.
We (to prepare) for the exam at 8 p.m. yesterday.
Laura (to begin her work) at 10 a.m. last Tuesday.
Mr. Johnson (to write) his report at 12 p.m. yesterday.
Dorothy (to stop) playing at 11 p.m. last Monday.
Jemma (to paint) at 10 a.m. last Wednesday.
Barbie (to come) at 6 p.m. yesterday.
Vanessa (to walk) at 8 p.m. yesterday.
The train (to arrive) at 7.35 last Monday.
V. Translate into English
Боб писал статью целый вечер вчера.
Я читала увлекательную книгу, когда пришла моя подруга.
В то время, как Вера готовила, ее кот воровал мясо.
В два часа вчера я бродила по городу.
Когда Мэри рисовала, она сломала карандаш.
С четырех до шести мы сидели в кафе.
Всю августовскую ночь мы смотрели на звезды.
В это время вчера мы сидели в ресторане “Максим”.
В девять часов вчера вечером я выгуливала свою собаку.
Вчера в девять часов мы начали работать.
VI. Translate into English
Вчера мы легли спать в три часа ночи.
– Что вы делали вчера в три часа ночи?
– Это не ваше дело.
Она никогда не примиряется с поражениями.
В прошлом году он часто опаздывал на уроки.
У меня отличные новости. Стелла взяла себя в руки и блестяще сдала экзамен.
Если ты не полюбишь моего кота, я не стану твоей женой.
- Почему она расплакалась?
– Она получила четверку.
В то время как вы бездельничали, мы упорно работали.
Когда она вошла, Гарри о чем-то шептался с Мэри.
Всю ночь вчера мы болтали с подругой.
VII. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
Why you (to work) by fits and starts? You (to hang) on a thread.
While Irene (to make up), her husband (to become) tired and (to fall) asleep.
As soon as you (to pull) yourself together your life (to change) for the better.
– She (to master) the language?
– Yes, she (to have) a good command of it.
– When you (to get up) yesterday? – I (to do) it at eight o’clock and at nine I (to do) my homework.
She (to cry) all the night. Her eyes (to be) wet.
The girl (to revise) for the exam when her boy-friend (to enter) the room.
I think, she (to be) a bright student some day.
I (to be) very glad. I (to teach) my ex-boy-friend a lesson.
He (to chat) in Internet the whole day yesterday.
VIII. Correct the Mistakes
At 8 p.m. yesterday I was coming home.
She has pulled herself together yesterday.
The whole day I played the piano.
She has been idling away her time last year.
I was standing up, opening the window and airing the room.
Jemma always work tooth and nail.
We were stopping tidying up the flat and going out for a walk.
We already watched this film.
This year I enter the University.
I have been knowing you for five years.
The Past Perfect Tense
I. Analyze the Sentences. Explain the Usage of Past Perfect
She had written the text by five o’clock.
Before the storm began heavy clouds had covered the sky.
After the shower had stopped we went out for a walk.
When Mary came home her young sister had already gone to bed.
When Charlotte arrived at the office Mr. White had just gone out.
Had Susan cooked dinner yet when her husband returned?
The husband hadn’t washed the dishes and so the wife didn’t speak with him.
I didn’t speak with Helen because she had kissed my boy – friend.
Alex had finished a post – graduate course by last year.
The children were glad as their summer holidays had begun.
II. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense-Form
When I (to return) home yesterday John already (to go) fishing.
When Rolando (to come) to the stadium last Saturday the football match (not to begin) yet.
By 10 a.m. yesterday the battle (to finish).
The ground, the roofs of the houses, the branches of the trees (to be) white because the snow (to cover) them.
When Peter (to come) yesterday Mary just (to begin) cooking.
By 1998 she (to graduate) from the University.
Martha (to gather) a lot of berries and mushrooms as she (to get up) early.
She (to spend) her holidays at the sea-side and so she (to have) a beautiful tan.
Summer (to come) consequently many people (to leave) town.
Gertie (to look) angry as she (to quarrel) with Felix.
III. Translate into English
Ночи стали длиннее, а дни короче, так как наступила зима.
К 3 часам я написал доклад.
Мы катались на коньках на озере, потому что лёд крепко сковал его.
Он провел несколько лет в центральной Африке, и поэтому его лицо потемнело от загара.
Когда я вернулась из Лондона, он уже уехал в Париж.
Твоя жена уже сготовила ужин к тому моменту, когда ты пришёл домой?
Луга и поля были прекрасными, так как трава и цветы покрыли их.
Когда он вошёл в комнату, она только что закончила уборку.
К прошлому вторнику все уже сдали экзамены.
Тучи закрыли солнце, и поэтому стало темно.
IV. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense-Form
By 12 o’clock yesterday she already (to go) to bed.
It (to rain) much last autumn.
It (to snow) the whole day yesterday.
When I (to come) уesterday Jemima (to leave) already.
When Diana (to come) Bob (to sleep).
The grain crops (to ripen) and so harvest time (to begin).
Many birds (to fly) to warmer countries because it (to become) cold.
While Tim (to work) his wife (to have) much fun on the beach.
When we (to enter) the concert hall, the concert just (to begin).
It (to drizzle) from 10 till 12 yesterday.
V. Translate into English
Вчера моросило целый день.
Когда я шла в магазин, я встретила Пола.
К пяти часам она сделала всю работу.
Ночью шёл дождь, и поэтому всюду были лужи.
Она прочитала письмо, порвала его и выбросила его.
После того как она сорвала ландыш, её оштрафовали.
Прежде чем купить машину, он спросил совета у всех своих друзей.
В то время как дети играли в снежки, родители прогуливались рядом.
Позавчера дул суровый, пронизывающий ветер.
Он уже написал письмо, когда ты вернулся.
VI. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense-Form
Before the snowstorm (to begin), the sky (to become) dark.
After the girl (to come) home very late her parents (to be) very angry.
It often (to drizzle) in autumn.
By 7 a.m. everyone (to return) home and at 8 o’clock they (to have) dinner.
– When the snowstorm (to begin) yesterday?
– At 5 o’clock. We (to make) a snowman at this time.
I (not to see) Pearl of late. She (to be) very busy recently.
When the Johnsons arrived the Browns just (to begin) their dinner.
– Where (to be) the children?
– They (to slide) down the hills.
The whole day yesterday we (to quarrel) and (to shout) at each other. It (to be) awful. It never (to happen) before.
Look! I never (to see) such a beautiful forest!
VII. Translate into English
Сегодня чудесный день. Солнце светит ярко и дует лёгкий ветерок.
Вчера целый день мы катались на лыжах и коньках.
Прежде чем преподаватель лёг спать, он проверил тридцать контрольных работ.
После того как ты ушла, Боб был в ярости.
Как только прибудешь в Вашингтон, позвони нам.
Весна. Природа только что проснулась от долгого зимнего сна.
Дни становятся длиннее, но иногда льёт как из ведра.
Она редко приходит к нам. Я не видел её в последнее время и очень скучаю.
Сегодня жарко. Дети купаются и плавают с утра.
Мы провели медовый месяц у моря, и поэтому были очень счастливы, когда возвращались в Москву.
VIII. Correct the Mistakes
By 2 o’clock they accomplished the mission.
At 3 o’clock yesterday the children played out-of-doors.
When have you met Jane?
It snowed much recently.
We have not been seeing each other for a long time.
Look! It rains cats and dogs.
I am regularly meeting the man.
Before the children had gone to play out-of-doors they put on warm clothes.
If the weather will be nasty we shall stay indoors.
When I came home yesterday it has just begun to rain.
Revision of tenses
I Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
- Kate (to be fond of) theatre?
- Yes, she never (to miss) a first – night performance.
- And I (not to be) in the theatre for ages.
- We (to go) there tonight. You (to join) us?
- When you (to see) Johnny?
- I (not to meet) him lately. But I think, he (to be) at the party in the house of Montogemeries next Friday.
I hate Alexander. He always (to criticize) me.
- Why you (to look) so tired?
- I (to clean) the house since morning.
- Poor thing! I (to understand) you. I (to tidy up) my flat the whole day yesterday.
By 10 p.m. they (to leave) the office.
As soon Cyril (to return), tell me at once.
In autumn many birds (to fly) to warmer countries.
- Where (to be) Paul?
- He still (to clean) his car. He (to be) crazy about it. He (to think) only about it lately.
At twelve o’clock yesterday we (to sit) at Ann’s place. We (to drink) coffee and (to gossip).
Before she (to begin) to study at our school she (to change) three schools already.
II. Translate into English
Как правило, она встает в 8 часов. Но сейчас 9 часов, а она еще спит.
Я еще не встретила своего принца на белом коне, но если я его встречу, я его не упущу.
- Как долго ты изучаешь английский?
- Я изучаю его с сентября и уже многого достигла.
После того как он ударил меня, я ушла от него. Я его никогда не прощу.
Я не получала известий о нем с декабря. Я очень беспокоюсь.
На днях я встретила Майкла. Он выбирал подарок для своей жены. Он такой внимательный. А от тебя я давно не получала ничего хорошего.
Мы сдали все экзамены и были очень счастливы.
В то время как муж смотрел футбольный матч, жена ела шоколадные конфеты и читала роман.
Когда она пришла домой, ее муж только что закончил подозрительный телефонный разговор.
До тех пор пока не похудеешь, не получишь ни одной шоколадной конфеты.
III. Open the Brackets Using the Correct Tense – Form
Her new perfume (to smell) like spring flowers.
Susan (not to return) from her skiing holiday yet.
As I (to do) my homework last night I (to hear) a strange noise which (to come) from the garden. I (to go) out to see what (to happen), only to find my cat chasing a rat.
Peter (to see) his girl – friend to – night.
You ever (to lie) to your best friend.
He (to be) unable to sleep because the wind (to whistle) through the trees in the forest outside.
- You (to book) your holiday yet?
- No, I (not to decide) where to go. Last year I (to go) to Spain and (to have) a great time, so maybe I (to go) there again.
- I (not to see) James for ages.
- I (not to see) him either but I (to hear) yesterday that he (to go) to Italy and (to be back) next week.
- You (to know) what time the concert (to start)?
Paul just (to finish) his dinner when he (to hear) a knock at the door.
IV. Fill in the Correct Tense
- Hi, Sally! I (not to know) you (to be) here. When you (to come)?
- Last Friday.
- So you (to be) here for a week, right?
- Yes, we (to stay) at the Paradise Hotel. When you (to arrive)?
- Late yesterday evening. I (to stay) at a guest – house by the sea. So what you (to do)?
- Well, we (to swim) every day. The beaches were so clean!
- You (to see) the old temple yet?
- Yes, we (to go) there on Monday. It (to be) fascinating. Unfortunately, as we (to explore) it Jane (to slip) and (to twist) her ankle.
- Oh, dear! She (to be) any better now?
- Much better, thanks. Listen, have you got any plans for tonight?
- Not really.
- Why (not to come) with us to the beach party? We (to go) to one a few days ago and it (to be) great fun. They (to serve) delicious food and we (to dance) till the early hours.
- That (to sound) great! Where I (to meet) you?
V. Put the Verbs in Brackets into the Correct Tense
I (to write) to you from Madrid. My family and I (to come) here on holiday ten days ago. We (to stay) in a fabulous hotel in the city centre, so far the weather (to be) fine,
We (to do) a lot of sightseeing. We already (to be) to the Plaza Monumental, a huge stadium where bullfights (to take) place. However, we (not to be) to the Prado Museum yet.
I (to try) paella yesterday at an open – air restaurant. The food (to be) delicious and the service (to be) excellent. The only bad thing was that while we (to enjoy) our dessert it (to start) raining.
Fortunately it (to be) just a shower.
Well, I must go now – we (to go) to Toledo today.
VI. Fill in the Correct Tense
Last Wednesday afternoon, I (to leave) the office early and (to go) home. I (to invite) some friends to come over for dinner. I (to set) the table when the phone (to ring). It (to be) my friend Mary. She (to tell) that she (cannot) come to my house because she (not to feel) well. I (to be) disappointed. Luckily everyone (to turn up) and the dinner (to go) well.
Tom and Susan (to go) camping last month. They (to plan) the trip before and (to be) really excited about it. They (to have) a good time when the weather suddenly (to change). The wind (to blow) down their tent so they (to decide) to leave. As they (to drive) back home, they (to realize) they (to leave) their camera behind, so they had to go all the way back to get it. Unfortunately, by the time they (to reach) the campsite, they (to find out) that someone (to take) it.
VII. Fill in the Correct Tense
Everyone (to look) forward to the school picnic before it (to take) place. The students (to organize) the games a week before and parents (to prepare) the food on the morning of the picnic. We (to have) a wonderful time when suddenly it (to start) to rain. We all (to get) completely soaked and it (to turn out) to be the worst picnic we ever (to have).
Helen (to live) in England for the past two years, but she still (to have) some problems with the language. Every time she (to try) to speak, she (to be afraid) she (to make) a mistake. Most people who (to learn) a foreign language may feel this way. The best thing to do is to keep talking.
I. Insert Articles Where Necessary
What do you do after…breakfast?
- After…breakfast I go to…school.
My Granny likes to read…book after…lunch.
…people usually have…breakfast in…morning. They have…dinner in…afternoon. In…evening…people have…supper.
There is…proverb: after…dinner sleep a while, after…supper walk…mile.
Who cooks…dinner in your family?
Yesterday father told us…very interesting story at…breakfast.
What did you have for…lunch at…school on…Wednesday?
- We had…salad and…tea.
II. Insert Articles Where Necessary
Does your brother go to school? -No, he isn’t…school boy yet.
Ann`s sister has…family of her own. She has…two children, … son and…daughter. …children are…same age. They are…twins.
Mary is playing…piano, …grandmother is reading…book, …boys are playing…chess. 4. My cousin is…nurse and her husband is…builder.
Have you…uncle? -Yes, he is…teacher of…English. 6. I’m…aunt to my brother’s son. 7. His sister is…ten-year-old girl. 8. In…England…children usually begin…school at…age of…five. 9. Uncle James came up to his little niece, patted her on…head and took her by…saying she was such…pretty girl. 10. She is…middle – aged woman of 43. She is like…mother to Jane.
III. Insert Articles Where Necessary
1. They all love Kate. She is…youngest in…family. 2. Tom is in…second form. He is…hard – working boy and…good pupil. 3. …man and…woman in…photo are…husband and …wife. 4. …Knights are…charming people. 5. Baby is…youngest member of…family, grandmother is…oldest. 6. Mary is…daughter of…Doctor Smith, …eldest of… children, to be more exact. 7. I like…girl. She has…straight nose,…wavy hair and…fresh complexion. She is…pretty girl, no doubt. 8. My elder sister is…girl of twenty with…large eyes, golden hair, …pleasant smile. She has…good figure, too. She is…tall and slender. She is…real beauty.
IV. Insert Articles Where Necessary
1. …seminar will begin at…half past eight. 2. My friend Lily is…monitor of our group. 3. Tomorrow we are having…class in Home Reading. 4. Do you like…Spanish? Would you like to study…Spanish language in…third year? 5. Do…exercise in…written form. 6. …teacher told us to do exercise seven orally. 7. Where will you have…dinner? – At…Institute canteen. 8. I haven’t had…bad marks in…Linguistics so far. 9. Many students feel nervous when they speak at…blackboard in front of…class. 10. I’ve been looking for…dictionary everywhere but I can’t find it. 11. Do you find…time – table convenient? 12. Do you always have…time for…relaxation after… classes? 13. Are we having…extra lesson this week? 14. Are you through with your composition? – No, I didn’t think…composition would take me so much time. 15. Ally forgot…simplest things at…exam. I think, it’s …result of…sleepless night. 16. Where will you go for…vacation? 17. What mark did you get for…quiz? – I was given…four. 18. Too much learning makes one’s life boring. One must have…fun from…time to…time.
V. Insert Articles where Necessary
1. … dinner isn’t ready yet. You’ll have to wait … little. 2. You were invited to … dinner at … Johnsons? How did you find … dinner? What did you do after … dinner? 3. … children, wash your hands before … breakfast. 4. What breakfast did you have in … morning: a … light or … heavy one? 5. I like to have … light supper. 6. What did you have for … lunch? Was … lunch substantial? Did you have … soup for … first course? How did you find … soup? 7. Would you like … white or … brown bread? - … piece of brown bread, please. –How do you find … bread? –Thank you, it tastes good. 8. Do you like to talk at … table? –No, I prefer to listen to … latest news at … table.
VI. Insert Articles where Necessary
VII. Insert Articles where Necessary
On … Sunday our family went to … country. We got up at … sunrise and quickly had … breakfast. After … breakfast we left … home. There is … little village not far from … St. Petersburg where we have … friends. We went there by … train. We had … very good time in … the country … weather was fine, … sky was blue and … sun was shining. We stayed out of … doors all … day long. We played … volley-ball and … tennis. We returned to … town late in … evening. When we came … home, we had … supper and went to … bed at once.
1. Look at … sky. It is covered with … dark clouds. Let’s hurry … home. 2. It was very pleasant to live in … country … summer. … weather was fine and it seldom rained. Summer is … fine season. 3. How lovely … night is! There are no … clouds in … sky and … air is so fresh. 4. When spring comes, … sun shines brighter, … snow melts, … days become longer. 5. Winter is … good time for sports. 6. On … Sunday my friend and I usually go to … country. We ski, skate, play … snowballs and have … very good time. 7. … fog is so dense that it is difficult to walk. 8. My friend is … very good chess-player. 9. In … summer we lived in … country and went up to … town by … train. 10. Tomorrow is … Sunday. If it is too hot in … town, we shall go to … country. And on … Monday we shall come back.
I. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
Steve lives … the suburbs and his girlfriend … the outskirts.
We live … the third floor … a multistorey house.
My street is very quiet, … heavy traffic and it is lined …trees.
Are you pleased … your new flat?
Let’s put the sideboard … the sofa!
There is a beautiful park not … … my house.
My friend lives … a block of flats.
My flat is … the city center. It’s quite handy … shops.
I need lots … light, so I am going to place my desk … … … the window.
There is a cupboard … the sink.
II. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
If you enter our kitchen you’ll see a window right … the door. There are light nylon curtains … the window and lots … flowers … the window-sill. …front the window stands a dinner-table … four chairs …. … this table we usually have meals.
… the wall … the left … the table there are a few shelves … different kitchen things, … the floor … the shelves there stands a fridge. We can’t do … it, especially … summer. …the right wall, … the fridge you can see s sink and a base unit … it. We try to keep our kitchen … good order, so it is always clean and tidy. Come and have tea … us … some day!
III. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. John is very much … his father. In a word, he is the very image … him. 2. Lena smiles … such a pleasant way. 3. Look … the picture, … the picture you see a pretty girl … fifteen … dark long hair and hazel eyes. … her right you see a boy … ten but he looks older as he is tall … his age. 4. His parents are … the same age. They are not … pension yet. 5. My sister is going to marry … a doctor. 6. Whom is she married …? - I know little … her husband. The only thing I know, he is an engineer … profession. 7. Does Lucy take … her mother? - Yes, she does. She looks very much … her mother. 8. Who is the girl sitting … you? What is she … you? Is she any relation … you? 9. She is the eldest … the three children. 10. Whom did he marry? – He married … my cousin. He has been married … two years.
IV. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. … weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up … seven o’clock. 2. Yesterday I was … duty at the hostel. 3. People spend weekends … different ways. 4. He works five days …a week. 5. If I am … high spirits I jump … … bed, run ... the window and open it wide. 6. It takes … me twenty minutes to get … the Institute. 7. It takes … me a quarter … an hour to reach … Institute. 8. Let me tell you everything … succession. 9. A lot … people like going … … town for the weekend. 10. What time do you usually arrive … home …work?
V. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. I won’t come home … seven. 2. …You should put everything … its place. 3. The bright sun and singing … birds set me … a cheerful working mood. 4. … home I put … my dressing-gown and slippers. 5. The Copperfields were … a visit in Moscow last summer. 6. When does she usually arrive … the office? 7. In the bathroom I turn … the hot and cold taps. 8. I can’t do … a cold shower. 9. We are leaving … Petersburg tomorrow. 10. If I am short … time I will take a taxi.
VI. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. According … the time-table we have three periods every day. 2. It was very kind … you to help me. 3. I am usually through … house-cleaning … two hours. 4. … classes I joined … my group-mates and we went … the cinema. 5. We are looking forward … our next meeting. 6. When I have breakfast I always switch … the radio and listen … the news. 7. I get … work … foot. And my colleagues - … bus, … tram, … trolley-bus, … underground. 8. … my way home I meet my fellow workers.
VII. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. What time do you usually wake …? - … seven … weekdays, … a quarter … eight … Saturday, … half … seven … summer. 2. I got … early … the morning and felt sleepy … the daytime but when my friends left me … the evening I felt excited and could not fall asleep … night. 3. When the alarm-clock rang I jumped … … bed, switched … the radio and began to do my morning exercises … the music. 4. He arrived …the station … ten minutes … seven. 5. She prefers to go … a walk … the morning when the air is fresh. 6. She does not live very far … her work. It takes … her half …an hour to get … work but she goes there … bus and not … foot. 7. He invites his friends … his birthday party … the 17th … February. 8. My mother was born … the 4th … October … 1922.
VIII. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. I got acquainted … this man five years ago. 2. He is very much interested … the History … the language. 3. She learnt 100 pages … heart. 4. … what Institute do you study? When did you enter … this Institute? 5. Our University is famous … its high academic standards. 6. – Why are you … a loss? - I fell … the group and I don’t know how to catch … it. 7. She is a student … the Institute … foreign languages named … Dobrolubov. 8. The teacher explains the new material … us. 9. We repeat the sentences … chorus. 10. We took part … the discussion.
IX. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. We shall have a lecture … teaching methods and a seminar … the history … the language today. It will be an interesting day … us. 2. I haven’t seen you … ages! 3. A well-stocked library center is equipped … a wide range … literature. 4. Help me … heart … hand. 5. The second hostel is situated … Gagarin Avenue. 6. Do the exercises … writing. 7. I think, I shall graduate … the University … three years. 8. Her things went … bad … worse. 9. The librarian subscribes … a lot … newspapers and magazines. 10. … the exams she sits … late …the night.
X. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. Jane is a student … group 302 … the German department. 2. Olga studies … the French department. 3. We make situations … different topics. 4. Have you joined … the library? 5.The teacher reported the student … the Dean. 6. The University provides accommodation … the majority … students. 7. She failed … the exam. It was a hard blow … her. Now she is hanging … a thread. 8. The girl is … the third course. 9. I read German books only … the original. 10. Don’t keep me … dark!
XI. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. She studies … fits and starts and her boy- friend works … tooth and nail. 2. Keep an eye … him! 3. We stayed away … classes yesterday. 4. Dells was … … spirits. She had to put up … a failure. 5. Alex is … home … the subject. 6. Tom is pressed … time. He must revise … the exam. 7. I always rely … my memory. 8. The students … our group always take an active part … different parties and concerts. 9. She passed the exam yesterday. She got an excellent mark … it. 10. We usually do a lot … our English lessons.
XII. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. Be careful! Return the books … time and … good order! 2. James is good … English and Eugene is bad … it. 3. She lacks … patience. 4. John is always late … classes. 5. Jeremie was absent … the lessons yesterday. 6. When I am through … my exams I shall go to the country. 7. You should do many exercises … written form. It will be … great help … you. 8. Stella has a good command … English and German. 9. Students are often pressed … time. 10. Yesterday I did 10 exercises orally and 5 … writing.
XIII. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. Jim is good … memorizing foreign words. 2. Can you help me … problems? 3. I didn’t attend the previous lesson … Phonetics because I mixed up the time-table. 4. We have lectures … Linguistics once … a week. 5. My brother studies … the fourth year … the University. 6. Jane got an excellent mark … her translations. 7. Where can I find the Dean? - He is probably … the Institute canteen. 8. I’ve been revising … the test … morning. 9. Mike is too lazy. The teacher won’t put … with that long. 10. Yesterday I had my last exam. And I did well … it, thanks God! - Oh, you did! 11. Why were you absent … the lesson? 12. What did you … the lesson yesterday?
XIV. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. There are four seasons … a year. 2. What season do you like best … all? 3. In spring everything is awaking … a long winter sleep. 4. It generally snows … this time … the year. 5. In winter I go … … skiing and skating. 6. It goes … saying we all are fond … swimming. 7. A lot … people go … … town … summer. 8. The fields and meadows are dressed … green. 9. The snow lies deep … the ground and … the branches of the trees. 10. We go … skating-ring not only … days off but also … weekdays.
XV. Insert Prepositions Where Necessary
1. In spring everything is full … life and joy. 2. There isn’t a single cloud … the sky! 3. Children are afraid neither … wind, nor … frost, nor … snow. 4. Everything is ready … the harvest. 5. It is getting warmer … every day. 6. In September summer yields … autumn. 7. It’s very hot today. The temperature today is 27 degrees … zero.8. It’s beastly cold today. The temperature is 30 degrees … zero. 9. People swim … the rivers and lakes and lie … the sun. 10. The fields and meadows are covered … grass and flowers.
Светлана Юрьевна Ильина
для студентов III курса
факультетов немецкого и французского языков
Английский язык как второй иностранный